What Internet Protocol Is
If you are wondering about what an Internet Protocol is then here are some details which you may want to know of. Knowing what the different Internet Protocols are will help you in a lot of cases especially when your line of work deals with different types of Internet Protocols.
Basically, an internet protocol is a set of rules by which data travels over a computer network on the internet. Another thing that you should remember when it comes to Internet Protocols is the IP address. IP addresses serve as identifiers of a computer on a given network.
In today's time, there are two versions of IP addresses and they are IPv4 and IPv6. IPv4 is a decimal type of IP address while IPv6 is a hexadecimal type of IP address. The IPv4 type of IP address basically contains two parts; the network and the host portion. Depending on the class of the IP address used, the numbers of octet allotted for the network and hosts portions varies. The reason on why IPv6 is developed is the shortage of IPv6 since there are only limited numbers of IP addresses in IPv4 that are available in today's time. But with IPv6, this type of problem is solved since there will be more IP addresses that will be available.
Basically, the data that is being sent over the internet is divided into parts known as the packets. Now, depending on the internet protocol used, each packet may take different routes if necessary. What matters most is that the sender and the recipient will be able to send and receive the data successfully respectively. IP is known to be a connectionless protocol since it does not require both ends to be continuously connected to each other in order to send and receive data.